As Hebrews in exile, we are subject to at least two major calendars which entail methods of dividing and naming days, weeks, months, and years. Practically speaking, it is impossible to live and work in “the world” without making concessions to the standard Gregorian calendar. Although there are many culture-based calendars that are not Gregorian, every culture on the planet recognizes and refers to the Gregorian calendar as a common standard. The Hebrew calendar, like almost all non-Gregorian calendars, is lunisolar, meaning essentially that the changing of the months is based on phases of the moon and changes from one year to the next are based on the relative position of the Sun in relation to the Earth. Biblical references to times and dates are generally in relation to the Hebrew calendar.

The calendar can easily become a subject of much discussion, disagreement, and controversy. Agreeing on exactly which day(s) to observe the various moedim (appointed times; i.e., times appointed by YHVH through the instructions of Torah) can be challenging, and brethren have been known to discontinue fellowship over these types of disagreements. Our hope, desire, and intent at BYNA is to extend love, grace, and understanding toward any who might disagree so that the spirits of worship, devotion, obedience, grace, peace, and righteousness might prevail. With that in mind, we offer the following “calendar,” not as an expression of legal exactitude, but as a guide for personal consideration, examination, and observance. We include the biblical Feasts as well as some Jewish traditional commemorations and some Israeli civil holidays, for your information and as a reference for further study and research. We present this in the context of the Gregorian year designated 2024, which includes the last several months of the Jewish year 5784 and the first few months of the Jewish year 5785.

In the Hebrew manner of reckoning, the day begins at sundown, so the translation to Gregorian requires a two-date span of reference. Here are several verses for keeping Shabbat – Exodus 31:13-17, 35:2-3, Lev. 23:3, 26:2, Deut. 15:12-15, 28:9, Is. 58:13-14, Jer. 17:21-27. Verses for Rosh Chodesh (New Moon) – chodesh means “beginning, head, or renewal” (Num 10: 10, Num 28:11-15, Ps 81:3)  

Our understanding of when the three Pilgrim Feasts for 2024 should be observed is as follows…

Pesach (Passover) one night – (Lev 23:5, Deut. 16:1) is when the commemorative seder meal should be shared among immediate family. (the traditional Jewish Seder is somewhat more elaborate than what scripture calls for) So, for 2024 here are the major festivals.

  • Passover begins at sundown April 22 (since 14 Nisan begins at sundown April 22) until sundown April 23. Traditional Seder night is Tuesday April 23rd.
  • The Feast of Matzot (Unleavened Bread), A SOLEMN ASSEMBLY (Ex. 12:15-20) (a.k.a. holy convocation to commence Matzot; essentially an “extra” Shabbat) begins at sundown April 23 to sundown April 24.
  • Matzot (Unleavened Bread) thus continues from sundown April 23 to sundown April 30
  • Matzot (Unleavened Bread) ending with a SOLEMN ASSEMBLY (a.k.a. holy convocation: essentially an “extra” Shabbat) from sundown April 29 to sundown April 30.
  • Shavuot (Feast of Weeks) (Lev 23:5, Deut. 16:1)  Sundown June 11 to sundown June 13
  • 40 Days of Personal Change (Repentance / Teshuvah – all of Elul plus first ten days of Tishrei) sundown September 04 to sundown of Yom Kippur October 12.
  • Yom Teruah (Feast of Trumpets) (Lev 23:23-24) from sundown Oct 02 thru sundown Oct 03
  • Days of Awe – sundown October 02 to sundown October 12
  • Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) (10 Tishrei) – SOLEMN ASSEMBLY (Lev 23:27) Sundown October 11 to sundown October 12
  • Sukkot (Feast of Booths/Tabernacles) (Lev 23:41-43, Deut 16:13-17) Sundown October 16 to sundown Oct 23 (15 Tishrei thru 21 Tishrei) High Sabbath’s: from sundown Oct 16 to sundown Oct 17 – at the beginning of Sukkot and sundown Oct 23rd to sundown Oct 24th  – after the end of Sukkot
  • Shemini Atzeret (Eighth Day) – Sundown Oct 23rd to sundown Oct 24th
  • Simchat Torah – Sundown Oct 24 to sundown Oct 25

Here are a few of the non-biblical holidays for Israel the nation for 2024:

  • Purim March 25, 2024
  • Yom Hasho’ah (Holocaust Remembrance Day) Sundown May 5th to sundown May 6th (28 Nisan)
  • Yom HaZichron (Israel Memorial Day) Sundown May 12 to sundown May 13 (5 Iyyar)
  • Yom HaAtzma’ut (Israel Independence Day) Sundown May 13 to sundown May 14 (6 Iyyar)
  • Tisha B’Av (Ninth of Av) Sundown August 12 to sundown August 13 
  • Chanukah (Feast of Dedication / Festival of Lights) Sundown Dec 25 to sundown Jan 02, 2025

For the remainder of Minor Fasts, Minor Holidays, Modern Holidays, Special Shabbatot and New Moons for 2024 please visit the website HERE

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